This is a long static shot. A camera is placed at the front end of the platform where the train engine comes to a halt. The camera opens. There is no place like a hill station. The camera captures the crowd waiting for the train on the platform. The old-fashioned steam engine pulls the old pattern bogies and enters the frame. There is a stir in the chaotic crowd on the platform. It is too early for a passenger to catch a train. After him some more passengers run to catch the train. Some climb, some descend.
It’s a jerky, unedited shot of about 49 seconds. This is the only scene, this is the film. Even though today’s era refuses to accept it as a film on the test of technical logic, but it is a great film. This is the world’s first film. ‘Pictures can walk’, the power of this world’s first miracle ‘Chalchitra’ showed itself in its initial public performance, when the movie landed on the big screen in London, the audience was horrified to see the engine coming straight towards it had run away. Medical aid was also needed. This is the first film released in India. The film was ‘The Arrival of a Train at La Citette Station’, it was made by the Lumiere Brothers of France ie Auguste and Louis Lumiere. Its first public performance was on January 25, 1896. Its first performance in our country was held in Bombay on July 7, 1896. Its performance in Bombay (Mumbai) happened by chance.
Eric Barno and S. According to Krishna Swami’s book, the Lumiere Brothers set out on a campaign to show their film to the world. When he was going to Australia, Bombay was on his way. He thought why not stay here for some time and show his films in this cosmopolitan city too. Let us tell you that Lumiere had screened ten short films, probably six ‘trains’ in Mumbai got the address of Lumiere index number 653. The films of Lumiere Brothers got a huge audience in Bombay. The excited Lumiere brothers were forced to extend the demonstration. A week later, it was shown in the novelty theater for three days. Who could have stopped Bombay from becoming a stronghold of the film industry after the first film was a success at the box office. Later the Bombay film industry transformed into Bollywood. Not only is it number one in India, Bollywood’s name is also included in making more films than Hollywood.
Talking about Indian cinema, before that let’s discuss why we are talking about cinema. In fact, the Multiplex Association of India (MAI) has declared National Cinema Day today i.e. 23 September 2022. MAI really wants to thank the movie goers. At the same time, on the pretext of this occasion, he also wants to invite those cine audiences who have distanced themselves from the cinema hall after the Kovid-19 epidemic. The Multiplex Association and Cinematographers on 23rd September cut the ticket rates for theater movers from over 4000 screens to Rs 75.00. Talking about Indian cinema, it starts with its father Dadasaheb Phalke.
India’s first full length feature film was Raja Harishchandra, which was produced by Dadasaheb Phalke in 1913. It was a silent film in which only male characters played female characters. The ‘Dada Saheb Phalke Award’ was instituted by the Government of India in his birth centenary year 1969 in honor of Dadasaheb Phalke, considered the father of Indian cinema. It is the most prestigious award in Indian cinema. March 14, 1931, is the second important day in the history of Indian cinema. Before this, the audience was able to guess from the gestures of the characters what they were saying among themselves. From this day, the cine audience also got to hear the voices of the silent characters of the cinema. Ardishar Irani is credited with making Indian cinema speechless, on March 14, 1931, Indian cinema got the first talking film ‘Alamara’. The rain of money at the box office also started after this, which continues till date.
Now even ‘bursts’ have started happening in the cinema. Earlier films were hits, then became super hits, then super-duper hits and now they are becoming block busters. Indian cinema is mentioned by Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, Budvadev Dasgupta, Adoor Gopalkrishna, G. Aravindan, Padmarajan, K. It is also incomplete without Balachander, Balu Mahendra, Mani Ratnam, B Narsing Rao, Neerad Mohapatra, Mani Kaul, Kumar Shahani, Ketan Mehta, and Vijaya Mehta. There are other names. Good work has also been done in masala films, but let us know that the list will be long. What comes to mind is the world of cinema ‘light-camera-action’. Then why is it called Hollywood, Bollywood or Tollywood? Where did this ‘wood’ (wood) come from in this world of moving technology? Hollywood is the name of a city located in Los Angeles, USA, which is the center of American film production. That’s why it was named Hollywood.
The Bombay (now Mumbai) industry, known as the Hindi film industry, got the name of ‘Bollywood’ from Hollywood itself, but via Kolkata. Around 1930, the Bengali film industry of Calcutta operated from the Tollygunge area. Which got the name ‘Tollywood’ on the lines of ‘Hollywood’. Inspired by ‘Tollywood’, ‘Bollywood’ became. It is interesting that this name of ‘Tollywood’ of Kolkata was later shifted from East to South. Now the Telugu film industry is known as ‘Tollywood’. Tamil is called ‘Kollywood’ and Kannada film industry is called ‘Sendalwood’.
Hindi cinema is divided into two parts. The cinema of the original stream which is called as masala films. Their construction is made keeping in mind the box office collection. The second serious cinema, which was named Parallel and Art Cinema. Shyam Benegal and Govind Nihalani were recognized as their representative directors. Who made the audience taste better cinema. ‘Ankur’, ‘Nishant’, ‘Bhumika’, ‘Manthan’, ‘Mandi’, ‘Chakra’, ‘Aakrosh’, ‘Ardvasatya’, ‘Zunoon’, ‘Sparsh’ (Sai Paranjpe), ‘Gaman’ (Muzaffar Ali ) ‘Umrao Jaan’ (Muzaffar Ali), ‘Bazaar’, ‘Masoom’-like cinema with a new attitude were introduced to the audience. These films provided a new film ground to artists like Naseeruddin, Ompuri, Amol Palekar, Shabana Azmi, Smita Patil. Later, he also spread his performance in mainstream films.
By the way, only two streams of Hindi cinema are discussed more. But there also existed a third stream. There was only entertainment in masala films, then in most parallel films there was bitter truth. Most of the parallel films lacked the entertainment side due to the purpose and the bitter truth. To fulfill this, another cinema came out which was called middle-way cinema. These purpose-oriented films were good as well as entertaining. Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee, Sai Paranjpe, etc. can be included in the creators of this cinema, there are other names. These films include ‘Anand’, ‘Guddi’, ‘Parichay’, ‘Mere Apne’, ‘Trysh’, ‘Rajnigandha’, ‘Katha’, ‘Chitchor’, ‘Chashme-Baddoor’, ‘Golmaal’, ‘Chupke-Chupke’. There are many names like ‘beautiful’.
Film making is not easy
Mexican film maker Alejandro Gonsalves says ‘Film making can give you everything, but at the same time it can take everything from you.’ So what is the film? The name of the beautiful art of lying is the film itself. You tell a fictional story and expect the audience to accept it as true. The more successful the film is in this mission of making it false, the more successful it will be. Famous French-Swiss filmmaker, screenwriter and film critic Goddard says ‘Cinema is the most beautiful fraud in the world.’
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FIRST PUBLISHED : September 23, 2022, 11:44 IST